Schools have always been a primary site where the language practices of language-minoritized students who come from homes where non-standardized varieties of English and languages other than English are spoken have been marginalized. When we consider this history, discussions of “Marginalized Spaces in Education” may seem redundant. After all, a primary function of US schools has always been to fix the so-called linguistic deficiencies of these students and the education of these students has been marginalizing by design.
In this reflective essay I want to share the ways my students and I have made use of the notion of “border crossing” in an undergraduate course called “Equity and Activism in Education” that is offered at the University of Toronto.
Keywords: Black male special education teachers, Black male teachers, special education shortages
Keywords: urban war zones, poverty, marginalization, violence, trauma
Sunday September 14th, 2015: “A father of three was shot to death near his home in the Auburn-Gresham neighborhood on Chicago’s Southside. Ashton Simpson, 36, was gunned down Sunday night … just nine houses away from his own.” (ABC, 2015, September 14)
Keywords: surveillance, race, school violence
Keywords: Practitioner inquiry, Black student achievement, Canada
On the margins of El Paso, Texas, a teacher-librarian communicates daily to her students the following bilingual mantra: “Esta biblioteca les pertenece a ustedes. This is your very own library.” Lisa M. López-Williamson is the teacher-librarian and literacy activist and advocate at William “Guillermo” C. Herrera Elementary School in the El Paso Independent School District. She is a celebrated teacher-librarian who cares about family literacy.
Schools tell stories. The physical plants, including conditions, plans, locations, and embellishments provide clues to the histories of these neglected raconteurs (Butchart, 1986).
The deleterious effects of outward migration and disinvestment on American cities are well documented. The decline of the industrial economy left huge warehouses sitting empty and therefore susceptible to illicit use, fire, and possible collapse. Nearby housing that once sheltered low wage factory workers similarly sits vacant. Absentee landlords pretend not to see the broken window panes and sagging porches. As Wacquant (2010) argues, this abandonment then conveys a certain “social inferiority” about that community within the larger city construct.
Those kids, our schools: Race and reform in an American high school. By S. R. Griffin. Harvard Education Press: Cambridge, 2015.
The achievement gap between White students and students of color has garnered significant attention by federal politicians and policymakers as far back as Lyndon Johnson’s War on Poverty, and more recently in Congress’s No Child Left Behind legislation and Barack Obama’s Race to the Top initiative. Although these top-down federal programs, laws, and initiatives have attempted to close the gap, the disparities persist.